Poem 44. The less fashionable area for a country villa.
Poem11. A Scythian country bordering the Caspian Sea.
Poem 95. A city and river in Cyprus.
Poem 14. The midwinter feast of Saturn (December) when the shops closed, presents were exchanged, and there was an air of licence and good-humour.
Poem 64. The daughter of Phorcys and the nymph Crataeis, remarkable for her beauty. Circe or Amphitrite, jealous of Neptune’s love for her changed her into a dog-like sea monster, ‘the Render’, with six heads and twelve feet. Each head had three rows of close-set teeth. Her cry was a muted yelping. She seized sailors and cracked their bones before slowly swallowing them.
Poem 103. Unknown.
Poem 38. The Greek lyric poet (556-467BC).
Poem 31. The promontory on Lake Garda where Catullus or his father owned a villa.
Poem 22. His verse mocked.
Poem 14. An unidentified grammarian.
Poem 64. Quicksands and shoal water off the coast of North Africa.
Poem 104. Unknown.
Poem 64. A mountain in Asia Minor.
The Sea-goddess and wife of her brother Oceanus.
Poem 25. An unknown acquaintance of Catullus.
Poem 68. A Titaness, co- ruler of the planet Jupiter, daughter of heaven and earth. She is the Triple-Goddess with prophetic powers. The mother of the Seasons and the Parcae, the Fates. The Goddess of Justice.
Poem 68. Thermopylae (The Hot Gates), famous for its hot springs, ‘The Cauldrons.’ In Malis in Thessaly, near Trachis and the mountain chain of Oeta. See Herodotus VII 176, and 201.
Poem 64. King of Athens, son of Aegeus, hence Aegides. His mother was Aethra, daughter of Pittheus king of Troezen. Aegeus had lain with her in the temple. His father had hidden a sword, and a pair of sandals, under a stone (The Rock of Theseus) as a trial, which he lifted, and he made his way to Athens, cleansing the Isthmus of robbers along the way.
Medea attempted to poison Theseus but Aegeus recognised his sword, and his son, and prevented her. He killed the Minotaur in the Cretan labyrinth, and abandoned Ariadne on Dia (Naxos). (See Canova’s sculpture – Theseus and the Dead Minotaur – Victoria and Albert Museum, London)
Poem 66. A name for Macedonia, the source of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.
Poem 44. The more fashionable address for a villa.
Poem 61. His marriage.
Poem 68. Addressed to him as Catullus’s friend.
Poem 68. Sicily. Catullus refers to Mount Etna.
Poem 61. The city in Phoenicia, now the Lebanon, famous for its purple dyes, made from murex.
Poem 61. One of the nine Muses, the Muse of Astronomy.
Publius Alfenus Varus, a Cremonese, mentioned by Horace in his first satire. He gave up his cobbler’s business for a career in law. He was the first Cisalpine to become consul.
Publius Vatinius, quaestor in 63BC, tribune in 59, praetor in 55 and consul in 47. A supporter of Caesar and friend of Cicero. He was a frequent litigant often with Licinius Calvus as prosecutor. On an occasion when the case was going against him Clodius and his henchmen broke up the proceedings.
Poem 14. A by-word for his dislikes.
Poem 52. Accused of perjury.
Poem 53. Involved in a court case.
The Goddess of Love. The daughter of Jupiter and Dione. She is Aphrodite, born from the waves, an incarnation of Astarte, Goddess of the Phoenicians. The mother of Cupid by Mars. Doves were sacred to her.
(See Botticelli’s painting – Venus and Mars – National Gallery, London)
Poem 36. Her sacred places in Cyprus and elsewhere.
Poem 56. Referred to as Dione.
Poem 28. He is addressed.
Poem 33. An unknown acquaintance.
Poem 98. Unknown.
Poem 80. Unknown.
Poem 66. Erigone was set in the sky as the constellation Virgo, after her suicide, by hanging, in despair at finding her father Icarius’s body. Icarius is identified with the constellation Boötes. The zodiacal constellation borders on Coma Berenices.
Poem 36. An unknown poet, contemporary with Catullus.
Poem 95. Resident near Padua at this time.
Poem 64. A morning wind.
Poem 66. Brother of Memnon.
Poem 68. A town in Arcadia with a lake of the same name.